Using this feature, you will be able to manage a load balanced environment.
It means that the load of all your users will be distributed between your servers. The workload will be shared between all the servers of your farm.
Load Balancing enables to use an unlimited number of servers with load balancing, and is available with the Enterprise edition (one valid license per server). This very powerful and advanced capability is to be used when a large number of users/servers has to be deployed.
Usually we recommend using one server for 50 concurrent users. For standard commercial application written in VB, C, C++, Delphi or Uniface you can go up to 100 concurrent users especially if you decide to use XP 64 bits which, according to our experience, tops most operating systems delivered by Microsoft. XP or Windows 7 are much more stable operating systems. For W7, we recommend to use the 64 bits version.
Generated Clients and Web Access
There are two ways to connect to a Load Balanced cluster:
- Using a Generated Client (executable program, created by the Portable Client Generator)
- Using a Gateway Portal Web Access by activating it on the Web Portal Preferences window.
Please note that the Gateway Portal is only enabled in Terminal Service Plus Enterprise edition.
This page describes how to use the Load Balancing Manager with a Gateway Portal.
Gateway and Application Server Roles
The Load Balancing Manager tool must be used on the server having the Gateway role.
Using it on an other server of the load balanced cluster will have no effect on the load balancing.
Load Balancing Main Window
The main window displays a lot of data and allows you to configure your Gateway Portal Load Balancing.
It lists all the servers in your Load Balanced server farm, and allows you to add a new server (by clicking on the „Add a new Server“ button) or displays an existing server (by clicking on it). It also allows you to enable, disable and configure the Load Balancing (more on this below).
Click on the buttons in the picture below to access the corresponding information:
On top of the Gateway Portal Load Balancing window, you will see a big button:
- This button display the current state of the Load Balancing.
- If you click on it, it will enable or disable the Load Balancing depending on its current state.
Here is the button when the Load Balancing is Disabled. A click on it will activate it, and disable the Users/Servers Assignment.
Here is the button when the Load Balancing is Enabled. A click on it will deactivate it, and enable the Users/Servers Assignment.
How does Load Balancing choose a server?
When Load Balancing is enabled, the user will be sent to the less loaded server at the time of his connection.
To determinate which is the less loaded server, the load of every server is computed using a weighted average between several performance indicators:
- number of connected users
- processor usage
- memory usage
- disk usage
You can modify the weight (importance) of these indicators by using the following sliders:
Using these sliders, you will be able to fine-tune the Load Balancing, and to optimize it to your own needs. For instance if your users launch a business application with big memory requirements, it might be a good idea to increase the impact of the RAM in the load computation using the „Memory“ slider.
You can also reset these values by clicking on the „Back to Default Settings“ button.
How is Server’s Load computed?
The load of each server is computed when needed in order to decide on which server the user must be sent.
For this computation, we use a weighted average between 4 hardware metrics.
The 4 sliders allow you to give more (or less) weight on each of these metrics, which are:
- Users : number of connected users
- CPU : percentage of non-idle processor time
- Memory : percentage of used memory
- I/O : percentage of non-idle disk time
For example, if you put the „Memory“ slider on its right side and all the other sliders on their left side, the load of each servers will be computed using almost only the percentage of used memory – and your users will be sent to the server having the most available memory.
- When a slider is completely on the left, the weight used in load computation will be 1.
- When a slider is completely on the left, the weight used in load computation will be 100.
Moreover, the load of a given server depends on the ratio [ used resources / total resources ] ; so if a server A is twice as powerful as a server B, twice more users should be sent to server A than to server B (all other things being equals).
To add a new server, simply click on the „Add a new Server“ button. The following window will be displayed:
The „Display Name“ is the title that will be shown to your users on the Web Access HTML page. It is supposed to be more user-friendly than a technical value (such as an IP), for instance „US Server“ or „Blue Zone“.
When using the Gateway Portal Load Balancing, the „RDP Port“ will not be used. It is only used when connecting using a Generated Client. We advise you to keep the default setting („Same as web“).
To modify an existing server, simply click on the „Edit“ button of the server you want to update. The following window will be displayed:
The progress bar shows the current load of the server. It also confirms you that the server is well configured and can be contacted by the Gateway.
Load Balancing using a Connection Client
You are not using the Reverse Proxy role of the Gateway (default case)
This is the default case if you just installed Terminal Service Plus. In this case, if you want to generate a Connection Client to connect to a given Application server, then:
- Do not check the „Use Gateway“ checkbox on the on the Gateway Portal tab of the Connection Client Generator,
- Use the public IP address or hostname of your Application Server directly in the „Server“ field.
However, if you want to generate a Connection Client to connect to the less loaded server and use Load Balancing, then:
- Check the „Use Gateway“ checkbox on the Connection Client Generator,
- Use the public IP address or hostname of your Gateway Server directly in the „Server“ field.
You are using the Reverse Proxy role of the Gateway („/~~“ in URL)
Activating the Load Balancing for a Gateway Portal access
Activating Load Balancing is really easy. It only takes three steps:
- 1) Generate a Web Access page with the option „Generate a Gateway Portal enabled Web Page“ checked, by clicking on the Web Portal Preferences tile of the Web tab:
- 2) Enable Load Balancing by clicking on the „Enable/Disable Load Balancing“ button (in the Load Balancing Manager, located in the Gateway tab of the AdminTool):
- 3) Open a browser and navigate to the Web Access page you generated in step 1 (by default: http://localhost/index.html). After typing a login, you will see that the Web Access page choose the less loaded server of your farm:
Regardless of your connection method, you will always be able to activate the sticky session feature by clicking on the right button of the Load balancing window:
It will allow you to reconnect to a disconnected session instead of opening a new session on a different server.